forum. Violence and poverty often coexist.Debate on Commemorating the 10th AnniversaryE The anniversary of Mayotte’s departmentalization marks a surge in the population that still suffers from inequality and poverty. In order to reduce these costs, most measures continue to focus on increasing public transfer payments, especially those for health and education.
This mechanism should reproduce a process of catching up with the standard of living in Mayotte. The process has been launched for the first four overseas departments (DOM) and is moving towards the urban average.
However, this transfer efficiency must be fully considered: the recognized causes of poverty include those related to the exclusion of the labor market. Therefore, diagnosing the labor market is a prerequisite to ensure that the policies implemented in the narrow territory (374 square kilometers) of the Mozambique Strait are harmonized.
At the macroeconomic level, the main source of household income is the labor market. Economists have reached a consensus that fundamentally speaking, the “good” function of the market ultimately determines the economy’s ability to create wealth and well-being for the people.
Therefore, it is obvious that “Island of Perfume” It will be judged by its ability to incorporate its population into employment in a sustainable manner. Despite a strong growth rate of approximately 7% per year in recent years, Mayotte is still structurally in the middle of the southern and northern countries. Coexist a subsistence activity (agriculture, fishery) and a non-market service activity (accounting for more than half of GDP) dominated by public administration.
It is uncertain whether strong economic growth driven by a large number of public transfers has been found in the employment and unemployment data. For example, this requires local residents to be close to the jobs created to a certain extent.
In Mayotte, available statistics indicate that a large part of the population is affected by unemployment. The official unemployment rate of about 30% is already the highest in Europe. This is clearly an underestimation of this situation because it is based on low participation in the labor market.
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