The Venezuelan President, Nicolas Maduro, recognized the Venezuelan emigration by intervening in the UN General Assembly, an issue that his government denied for a long time and which, he said, occurred “for economic reasons.”
“As a direct consequence of the coercive, unilateral measures and of the economic aggression imposed by the United States Government on our people, there has been a temporary process of emigration of citizens, fundamentally for economic reasons, “Maduro said in a previously recorded transmission.
Despite the fact that the president did not mention any specific number of emigrants who left due to the prolonged economic and social crisis they are experiencing Venezuela, the UN has estimated about 5 million people who have had to leave the Caribbean country in search of a better future.
Colombia is the country that has received the most Venezuelans with about 1.7 million, according to the latest data from the immigration authorities. In addition, the common border was crossed daily by some 35,000 people before the pandemic, many of which came to the Andean country as a transit nation to other destinations or to settle permanently.
However, Maduro assured that Venezuela “faces a wave of voluntary returns“According to government figures, it is around 70,000, many of which come” from countries with very high levels of contagion “of COVID-19 such as Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Chile or Brazil.
In his opinion, this return is based on several reasons, among which he cited “the systematic violation of human rights, anachronistic and xenophobic policies” against migrants during the COVID-19 pandemic, which forced them to return to their country of origin when they were left without a job and, therefore, without financial resources.
Change the speech
Until now, the Maduro government had denied that exodus process towards other countries and even the president of the National Constituent Assembly (ANC), Diosdado Cabello, went so far as to affirm that the photos of migrants across the continent were “a montage.”
“Doesn’t it seem suspicious that there are photos in Peru (of Venezuelans) walking along the side of the road? In Ecuador, in Colombia (…) it seems that this was lights, cameras, action. They get off the buses, they do not let them ride and they leave them anywhere, they have no choice (but to walk) and that is the shot they do, “said the one considered number two in Chavismo.
Faced with the current situation of return, the opposition has denounced that the Government has prevented the return of thousands of VenezuelansSome of them have been waiting for months in various countries for the Maduro Executive to authorize a flight that allows them to return.
For his part, Maduro wondered “what has been the reaction of the world that says it cares about Venezuela” to the situation of Venezuelans in the world and hinted that there has been corruption among those in charge of serving them.
“We wonder how it is possible, despite the huge amounts of dollars that have been given to these governments (of recipient countries of migrants) through extravagant donor recruitment conferences for Venezuelan migrants, what did they do with that money, “added the Venezuelan leader, adding another question” Did the governments steal it?
“We believe that it is necessary to rigorously review (…) the role that some agencies of United Nations or some representatives of some agencies in these processes such as the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (Unhcr) or the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
Again, as he did in his previous interventions, he denounced the sanctions imposed by U.S to Venezuela and I vindicate the organization of a multipolar world, in the face of the “supposed global dictatorship raised from the United States.”
As an example of that labor multilateralMaduro cited the World Health Organization (WHO) and its work during the pandemic.
“WHO must be an example of multilateralism that we need to strengthen, WHO must be an organization that acts and speaks faithfully, without bend to pressure, extortions and attacks by the powerful, which confirms their moral authority, their scientific capacity and cooperation based on solidarity, “he concluded.