Øusmane Djebare Djenepo released the good time of this dress, which is as green as the short grass on the banks of the Niger River. The 76-year-old fisherman proudly displayed “his” river on his canoe.
But the chairman of the Niger Delta Fishermen’s Federation wears wide sunglasses and a relaxed smile, and is frustrated with the fate of his peers, who are living less and less among the increasingly rare fish in the area. Sahel region.
He said: “Before, the river was very deep and the fishing season was long. Now there are a lot less fish and there are too many problems in the river.”
His world Niger inland river delta is a special and constantly changing ecological and human environment. However, it has changed the natural rhythm of coexistence of fishermen, farmers and breeders for decades, but has been questioned by other changes: the development of deserts, the depletion of resources, and the way of life of jihadists invading ancestors.
Boukary Guindo, head of the region, said that thousands of artisanal fishermen who use West Africa’s largest fish resources are “declining to declining.”
Niger is a giant in Africa, starting from the highlands of Sierra Leone and Guinea, in central Mali between Djeene and Timbuktu, giving up the normal route of dividing itself into multiple weapons. The inner delta is a network of tributaries, lakes and floodplains. This is the largest wetland in West Africa, equivalent to the size of Switzerland. Going further, after passing through six countries, the river resumed its route to the Atlantic Ocean.
The landform changes with the seasons. During the flood, the area was completely submerged, and nothing was circulating except the pinnacles (these traditional canoes on the Niger River). During the economic downturn, fish ponds were established, and the vast land of Bougou, a unique fodder plant, attracted cattle from the entire Sahel region.
However, over the years, the Sahara Desert has “fallen” from the north and gradually “engulfed” river water, alarming Omid Touré, director of the Delta Fisheries Development Office.
He said that the sandbar once cut down the once high-yielding areas from the river, and these areas are no longer full of fish.
The frequency of rainfall is low and the river flow slows down. Several dams built upstream since the 1970s are changing the flow.
The seasons are less obvious, and the once harmonious expressions between the crowds become more contradictory.
Ibrahima Sankaré of NGO Delta Survie explained that traditionally, fishermen, breeders and farmers practice “alternative management”. “The grass is there, it belongs to the herders; the water is there, it belongs to Bozo; the land is there, it belongs to the farmers.”
The Bozo tribe is one of the many human groups in Mali. Fishing is their specialty.
However, Ibrahima Sankaré sighed: “Everyone has abused this calendar” established in the 19th century under the Macina Fulani Empire.
In the river, big fish became more and more rare, and some even disappeared. The 76-year-old fisherman Ousmane Djebare Djenepo reported that in order to survive, the fisherman must now catch “everything that passes by”. Although he was aware of the risk of overfishing, he himself made a living on small fish. At the bottom of the canoe, following the power of the young Pinassier, only one was over 10 cm.