The organization is developing afforestation, agroforestry and biochar plans in the country, which has lost half of its forests in sixty years.
It all started with a tree, Moringa, People who don’t want to die: “Never die” or “Nébéday” in Wolof. It is native to India and Sri Lanka, and is found throughout the tropics and subtropics today. It can grow in poor soils or be slightly affected by harsh weather conditions such as drought. Even after strict cutting, it can grow quickly and regenerate itself.
Therefore, when Jean Goepp co-founded the association with ten partners and friends in 2011, he naturally chose this name. “If there were no trees on the earth, there would be no Homo sapiens, no animals or anything else. This is a fight for life. We want a green and prosperous Senegal. Go with the two”, This Frenchman arrived in Dakar at the age of 14 in 1988. He was an engineer and graduated from the Outer-Mer Higher Technical Institute (Istom) in Paris, which highlights this point.
“We are particularly working with women because they are the strongest bond in society. They are serious, united and hardworking. We must support their children to become adults who love nature more.”, The director of Nébéday continues.
The structure is located in Toubacouta, Sine Saloum, and has 36 employees. In addition to the headquarters (Dakar, Palmin, Popenguine and Richard-Toll), it also has 4 offices with the same goal: afforestation. The purpose is to deal with the rapid decline of the country’s natural resources, especially forest natural resources.
In 50 years, Senegal’s population has actually increased from 4 to 16 million. For people living in the bushes, cutting down trees is the easiest and most free way to obtain cooking fuel. The result: Senegal has lost half of its forests in 60 years, and 40,000 hectares are lost every year.
Nébéday provides advice and expertise to protect two classified forests owned by the state: Djilor (1,000 hectares) and Sangako (2,140 hectares). Joint management between the Ministry of Water and Forests and nearby residents. In these places, it is forbidden to take away live wood. Because of this connection, we can now do this by selecting the type and size of trees in a reasonable way, through drawing, according to the eight-year harvesting cycle.
The purpose is afforestation, but resources must also be managed and developed in a sustainable manner. “By strengthening the capacity of village committees, we hope that these places can be occupied by local communities”, The project coordinator Mariama Diallo was appointed and relayed with donors including the European Union and Francophonie International.
This requires a lot of educational work. Everyone knows that planting mango trees in the garden to gain interest in fruit. There are far fewer rats that put an opening on the ground in the middle of the bushes. “Especially for the “old”, it is God’s job to regenerate naturally: the seeds fall and germinate. Suddenly, few adults engage in nature conservation for the common good. When you plant at home, everything is fine. Good. When you plant in everyone’s forest, the situation becomes more complicated”, Admits Jean Gup.
The result is there. By 2020, the association has planted 1,150,000 trees, and the goal for this year is the same. The most widely used tree species are mangroves and palm trees in mangroves (alias palm trees) “Sentinel of the Prairie” : Trees that are easy to plant and grow without difficulty.
Since 2016, all plantations have been listed by species, region, date and geographic location (www.reboisonslesenegal.org). There are about fifty species: fruit trees (cashew trees, mango trees, date trees…), forest trees (baobab, vachellias seyals…) and shady trees (acacia, caïlcedrats, moringa…).
This work is accompanied by the awareness of young people: Nébéday is spread across more than 120 villages across the country. “We train children by teaching them the entire life of the tree, which is essential to make them love nature. Then, they take three of them home. We are represented in about 100 schools About 10,000 students”, Introduced the co-founder in detail.
The development of agriculture and forestry, including the development of land through the combination of trees and crops, has also increased people’s income and food. Today there are ten perimeters of land from one hectare to one and a half hectares. These gardens are commissioned by women and combine market gardening and fertilizer trees, which absorb nitrogen from the air and return it to the earth.
Fruits and vegetables are planted there, and hedges are planted aroundbee, Its thorny branches form impenetrable bushes to protect the space and have windbreaks. In this way, we can count 2500 trees per hectare of land: the real green lungs near the village.
Among them, the famous Moringa has many advantages. Its leaves are rich in protein, copper and vitamins A, C and E, calcium, potassium, magnesium, manganese, selenium, iron and 9 essential amino acids, which can help fight malnutrition. They also have anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.
Today’s goal is to obtain the AB label (Organic Agriculture) managed by the French Ministry of Agriculture and Food and independent control agencies such as Ecocert. Nébéday hopes to get the green logo familiar to consumers soon, so that it can be pasted on Moringa derivatives.