In Africa’s most populous country, just emerging from its second recession in five years, one-third of workers are now unemployed.
“It’s so frustrating to find a job in Nigeria!” Like most classmates, Chidera Stephen believes that it is impossible to find a job without relatives or acquaintances that get along well. After receiving a diploma in communication studies in 2017, the 25-year-old young woman’s disappointment has multiplied. “Many employers in Lagos [la capitale économique] I want to make sure I live next to my job, because the salary is too low and the transportation is too expensive”, She complained.
In recent years, she has experienced low-paying jobs or even no salary at all. She has also engaged in internships and temporary jobs, but has never found a long-term job. In order to keep her head clear, Chidera finally decided to sell shea butter and black soap on the Internet because her YouTube channel provided her with reports on the secrets of African hair beauty, which cost a few dollars for each “thousand views” recorded. “I’m smart and witty…so, once I understood that this is not my problem, but this country”, She blurted out in pain.
Chidera Stephen is a member of the economic crisis of millions of young people in Africa’s most populous country, where there are 200 million people. As Nigeria has just emerged from its second recession in five years, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) announced in early April that one-third of workers are now unemployed. Since President Muhammadu Buhari became head of state in 2015, the official number of unemployed has tripled. Young people are particularly affected, because the scourge affects 53% of people under 24 and 37% of young people in the 25-34 age group. 2020.
A study by PricewaterhouseCoopers shows that in the past ten years, Nigeria’s employment has increased by less than 2%, while the number of employees has increased by 4%. Therefore, in 2018, 5 million young people entered the labor market, and only 450,000 jobs were created. “We finally got a driver with a major in political science and established a breeder with a master’s degree in geology”, Rolake Rosiji sighed, He is the head of Jobberman, an online job search platform launched by young Nigerian entrepreneurs in 2009.
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