The measures are among the first by European traders to exclude Huawei from next-generation networks and come after months of diplomatic pressure from Washington, which accuses Huawei of being used by Beijing for espionage.

The Belgian capital, Brussels, is home to NATO headquarters and the European Union Executive and Parliament, and is of particular concern to US intelligence agencies.

“Belgium was 100% dependent on Chinese telecommunications network providers, and those working for NATO and the EU made telephone calls through these networks,” said John Strand, a Danish independent telecommunications consultant.

He added that “operators are signaling that it is important to have access to secure networks.”

The United States welcomed the decisions taken by Orange Belgium and Proximus, which have a network sharing agreement.

“It is the latest example of the evaporation of Huawei agreements and a new confirmation of the global trend towards reliable suppliers,” said Keith Krach, Undersecretary of State for Growth, Energy and Environment.

Huawei, the world’s largest telecommunications equipment provider, strongly denies US allegations and has sharply criticized US calls to block its access to 5G networks.

However, the Chinese company announced on Friday that it accepts the decisions taken by Orange Belgium and Proximus.

The companies did not disclose the value of the contracts. Nokia shares rose about 3% on Friday.