On November 8, 2016, the Republican candidate Donald Trump became the 45th president of the United States despite having obtained fewer votes than his political adversary, the Democrat Hillary Clinton.
Trump got at least 290 delegates of the 538 awarded by the Electoral CollegeTherefore, despite having a lower number of votes at the national level, the Republican was the winner of the elections. One of the key states for the Republican’s victory was Florida, because despite the fact that the polls did not give him the winner in the southern state because it was considered a “hinge state” or undecided, he ended up giving Trump the victory by adding his constituents to the count.
Indirect choice model
The American electoral system is a case of indirect choice model whereby the citizens’ votes do not directly elect the winner of the elections, but rather lead to the election of some compromisaries who later vote to opt for one of the candidates.
Thus, Trump won the elections despite having won the support of 2.8 million fewer voters than his Democratic rival. This was the fifth presidential election in American history where the winner lost the popular vote.
The almost three million votes with those that Clinton advanced to Trump constitute the greatest advantage that the losing candidate has obtained from the winner of a presidential election of United States, a country that has seen the number of people who go to the polls grow in recent years.
In general terms, it can be concluded that the candidates obtained the votes of the groups that were expected: older, white, unschooled and rural men, in the case of Trump; urban women, minorities and youth in Hillary Clinton’s. But while the former met its objectives and mobilized its supporters, many potential Clinton voters stayed at home, something they had not done with Obama, according to the National Election Poll, prepared for a media consortium by the Edison Research company.