How do they affect Congress (Senate and House)?

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United States will elect its president on next November 3, and in the same election will designate the members of the House of Representatives and a third of the members of the Senate.

The two houses, which together embody the US Congress, are the legislative power. They are in charge of propose and approve bills, control the public spending and supervise the activities of the executive, as stipulated in the first article of the country’s constitution. Thus, legislative elections determine which political party, the Democrat or the Republican, will be the one that controls each of the houses of Congress for the next two years, according to the own country government website.

Parliamentary election

The Parliamentary election they are held every two years. In them the voters elect one third of the senators and the 435 members of the House of Representatives. Midterm elections or “midterm elections” they are held right in the middle of two presidential elections. The legislative elections of November 2018 were midterm elections and this year they coincide with the presidential elections.

Unlike presidential elections, in which the Electoral College To decide who will be the next president, in legislative elections the direct vote of citizens of a state to choose the winners.

House of Representatives

Members of the United States House of Representatives comply two-year terms. This means that the 435 members of the House of Representatives are elected both in mid-term election years and in presidential elections.

The number of representatives per state is proportional to the inhabitants. Each representative is at the service of the inhabitants of his or her congressional district and to be elected must be at least 25 years of age, be a US citizen for at least seven years, and live in the state that he or she wishes to represent.


Senators they serve six-year terms. One third of senators are elected both during midterm elections and during presidential elections. There are 100 senators in total, two from each state.

To run for the office of Senator, they must be at least 30 years old, a U.S. citizen for at least nine years, and live in the state he or she wishes to represent.



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