report. France’s failure in Rwanda between 1990 and 1994 was one of the conclusions of President Macron’s historian report released in 2019.
«R“Overwhelming responsibility”, the central role of François Mitterrand, rarely listens to whistleblowers and helpless soldiers speaking on the ground: these are Emmanuel Macron (Emmanuel Macron) The President proposed in 2019 and yesterday, Friday, March 26, at the Elysee under the auspices of the historian Vincent Duclert, the committee “is designed to visit the period 1990-1994 related to the genocide. All French archives in order to analyze France’s role and commitments during this period, and to have a better understanding and knowledge of the Tutsi genocide. This work especially aims to help constitute the history necessary to teach genocide in France Information. This is the focus of this report. It has more than one thousand pages and compiles all existing files of more than two years of work, some of which have never been consulted.
The French Ministry of Justice authorized access to the Mitterrand archives in Rwanda
This is the shocking conclusion of the report: The French authorities have assumed a “heavy and overwhelming responsibility” in the turmoil that led to the genocide of the Tutsi in 1994.
The supremacy of responsibility is “political”, “blind” to the “racist, corrupt and violent regime” of Hutu President Javierarimana, despite the “alert”. The report asserts: “In France, the concerns of ministers, parliamentarians, senior officials, and intellectuals can only be answered by indifference, rejection or malice.”
The responsibility also belongs to the “intellectuals”, according to the text, in the years before the genocide, it was “stubborn” in defending the ethnic interpretation of the conflict in Rwanda. In particular, policymakers cannot consider genocide and distinguish it from the Holocaust. Therefore, France’s actions in Rwanda at that time were called “bankruptcy.” According to this report, “Nothing was shown”, but she became “accomplice” in the genocide, and according to the United Nations, at least 800,000 people were killed. “If this means that we want to have connections with genocidal companies, there is nothing in the files reviewed to prove this.”
Genocide in Rwanda: “Our only accusation against France makes us dissatisfied”
The report particularly overwhelmed French President François Mitterrand, who died in 1996, for his full and lasting support for President Habyarimana. “No one will read: “In the files reviewed by the committee, there has never been a document proving that the President of Rwanda was opposed by the President of France. One of the conclusions of the document pointed out: “Consistent with the power of Rwanda is the result of the will of the head of state.” “
During the period from 1990 to 1994, despite the various radical guards imposed on part of the Hutu regime, France especially recalled the firm military support provided by France to Rwanda, including military training.
François Mitterrand (François Mitterrand) did not make a decision alone: his policy on this issue is largely influenced by a small number of intimacy, especially his special chief of staff Christian Christian Quesnot.
25 years after the genocide, Rwanda still remembers
The African advisers of Christian Quesnot and Élysée Bruno Delaye will water the President of the Republic and issue warnings about the danger of RPF. The Rwandan Patriotic Front party established by Tutsis was in exile in Uganda and launched several attacks on Rwanda between 1990 and 1994. Since 1990, the French authorities have designated these attacks as “Uganda-Tutsi offensives.” By M. Quesnot. The report stated that “an interpretation of Rwanda’s nationalism” condemned “persistent thinking in which Hutu is in the majority, and the probability of RPF winning is always on par with anti-democratic takeover. Minorities.”
It is this kind of reading that dominates the Elysee Palace that will push France to support the Hutu regime, especially by training some members of the regime before 1994.