reconciliation. From Sarkozy to Macron, on the issue of genocide, the French-Rwanda initiative to establish peaceful relations has not failed.
TThe real beginning began with President Sarkozy’s official visit to Rwanda in February 2010. This was the first visit by a French head of state since the 1994 genocide. In April 2019, President Macron commissioned the French Research Archives to investigate the issue of genocide in Rwanda and Rwanda. The task of the Tutsi (1990-1994) was to determine the role of France in the Rwanda massacre. Under the leadership of the historian Vincent Duclert, and therefore under the name of the Duclert Commission, it reported to the President of the French Republic Emmanuel Macron on March 26 ( Emmanuel Macron) submitted the report. On Friday, April 9, in Kigali, it was President Paul Kagame’s turn to personally receive a copy of this report by the historian Vincent Duclert.
Genocide in Rwanda: What to remember in the Duclert report
President Paul Kagame and historian Vincent Duclert discussed the findings of the report within an hour. “I’m very pleased to be able to submit President Paul Kagame’s report to my research committee. President Macron, but (..) to other presidents, especially to President Paul Kagame,” Vincent Duclert spoke to him after an interview. Said a reporter.
Agence France-Presse quoted the historian as recalling “France’s report of overwhelming responsibility. It knew nothing about it, did not measure the severity of its actions in Rwanda, and unknowingly contributed The process of genocide”. And clearly pointed out that “the content identified in the report is an overriding responsibility, and this is exactly what Paul Kagame and the Rwandans know.”He added: “Basically, we speak the same language as Paul Kagame, and we are talking about the same facts.” Like in the echo On the occasion of the genocide, French Minister of Foreign Affairs Alain Juppé (Alain Juppé) recognized France in a column published by Le Monde on April 7 « Not complete enough ». « We don’t know that genocide cannot support half of the measures », He wrote. As a reminder, according to the United Nations, this genocide caused more than 800,000 deaths, mainly Tutsi people who were extinct between April 1994 and July 1994.
On Wednesday, at a ceremony commemorating the 27th anniversary of the genocide, President Kagame welcomed the conclusion of the report, calling it an “important step forward.” The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Rwanda, Vincent Biruta, welcomed the Duclete report last Friday, saying that the report “will bring important meaning to understanding the past.” He added: “If you understand the past well, it means you can build the future together.”
Duclete’s report on Rwanda: all reactions
In order to rebuild a new base and “build the future together,” Paris announced on Wednesday that it would open important archives to the public, especially the archives of former socialist president François Mitterrand (François Mitterrand) in power at the time. . This decision is basically in line with President Nicolas Sarkozy’s logic of relaxation and “moving forward” during his visit to Rwanda. Since February 25, 2010, he will visit Rwanda, which is the third part of the formal restoration of diplomatic relations between the two countries. Months. Nicolas Sarkozy is indeed the first French head of state to make an official visit to Rwanda since the Tutsi massacre. the goal: After years of disputes, the reconciliation between France and Rwanda was sealed.
At the beginning of the visit, Nicholas Sarkozy, accompanied by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Rwanda Louise Mujikiwabo and Minister of Culture Joseph Habinezha, first observed a silence in front of one of the 14 mass graves on the monument. One minute. The bodies of more than 250,000 victims were buried. He is there in the wreath.
In Rwanda, as “righteous”
At a joint press conference with President Kagame in February 2010, when he was silent, Nicolas Sarkozy said that the Kigali Genocide Memorial Museum had arrested him. « What is happening here is the failure of mankind. What happened here left an indelible mark. (…) What happened here forced the international community, including France, to reflect on its mistakes, which made it impossible to prevent and stop this terrible crime.” He added: “We must look further to organize reconciliation. Evaluation errors, political errors have occurred here and have absolutely dramatic consequences. We want those responsible for the genocide to be discovered and punished. There is no ambiguity. I told Kagame The president, no matter where they are, they must find and punish those who do this.” “Does France have it? It makes sense. We just refused political asylum from one of them and filed a legal action,” he continued. Finally, he said: « We will work hard to establish bilateral relations, where we will explore a new way of helping each other. France wants to help Rwanda, and we will establish political, economic and cultural cooperation.”
France bears “heavy responsibility” in the genocide in Rwanda