A gorgeous slate found in Brittany, France, in the northwest of the country in 1900, has just turned A new source of cartographic knowledge When the oldest relief map in Europe was discovered, it dates back to the early Bronze Age (2150-1600 BC).
The study was published in the French Prehistoric Society Bulletin on Tuesday, and the study confirmed that the Saint-Bélec floor slab found by Paul du Chatellier (1833-1911) in Leuhan had Graphic composition in the four quadrants.
The slab was part of a tomb and it was not transferred to the Kernuz Castle, the family and private museum of Durchatelil, until 1900, where Put in the pit It was finally found in the same basement in 2014.
Beginning in 2017, the author of the study recorded the topography of its surface and analyzed the form, technique and age of the prints using photographic technology and high-resolution 3D tools.
For scientists from the National Archaeological Research Institute (Inrap), the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), and Bournemouth and University of the West of England, the presence of patterns linked by lines will make the composition The appearance of the cartography.
The plate shows the three most likely elements of prehistoric cartographic expression, namely, homogeneous composition, the same technique and style of engraving and technique, and repetition of patterns (straight lines or curves, squares, circles, ellipses and ellipses). Pear-shaped pattern) and the space sign of the relationship between them.
To test your hypothesis, the expert Compare other similar representations Taken from European prehistory and Tuareg ethnography or Australian aboriginals, etc.
The undiscovered shale block is blue-gray, 2.20 meters long, 1.53 meters wide, and 0.16 meters thick.
French scientists examined the etched surface and concluded that the topography of the slab was modeled as a representative The Oder Valley in Three DimensionsPass through the Brittany region until it empties into the Atlantic Ocean.
Similarly, in order to verify the similarity between the prints and the landscape elements, a statistical analysis of the network and shape was carried out. The results showed that the territory represented would be an east-oriented area of approximately 30 x 21 kilometers-along that line The direction of the river is west.
Since it may be a map of spiritual reconstruction, certain elements of the representation can be Oversized, The study warns, although their location is not necessarily proportional to the distance separating them.
The researchers theorized that the Saint Belek tablet represents the territory of a strongly hierarchical political entity that strictly controlled its territory in the early Bronze Age.