The last attempt to negotiate between the two countries ended in Kinshasa on Tuesday night due to further failure.
Ethiopia announced on Wednesday, April 7, that despite the ongoing disputes with its downstream neighbors Egypt and Sudan, it will continue to build giant dams on the Nile River. Although these two neighboring countries are in the insured’s position, but Do not rule out any choice. Defend your own interests. These statements are the second of the fruitless negotiations conducted by the foreign ministers of the three Kinshasa countries under the auspices of Félix Tshisekedi, the head of state of the Congo, the current African Union (AU) chairman. day.
Since Ethiopia started work on the dam in 2011, Egypt and Sudan hope to reach a tripartite agreement on the operation of the dam before it starts operations. But Ethiopia believes that this filling is an integral part of the construction of its Great Renaissance Dam (GERD), so it cannot be delayed. Ethiopian Water Resources Minister Seleshi Bekele announced on Wednesday that despite the impasse in diplomacy, the first phase of irrigation has been completed in 2020 and will therefore continue in the next rainy season, which will begin in June or July. “As construction progresses, fill in”, He said at a press conference. “We did not give up”, He promised.
Sudan’s Minister of Irrigation, Yasser Abbas, warned Addis Ababa from Khartoum, “All options are possible, including ways to return to the Security Council and strengthen politics”, with “Ethiopia conducts a second supply without consent”. Egyptian President Abdul Fatah Sisi also reiterated his warning. “I said to the Ethiopian brothers: don’t touch a drop of water in Egypt, because all options are open.”, He said at a ceremony in eastern Cairo. At the end of March, President Sisi had already mentioned “Unimaginable instability” If the dam threatens A drop of water Egyptian.
Since the first stone was laid in April 2011, GERD has been a source of tension between these three countries. This large dam has a total capacity of 74 billion cubic meters and is being built in northwestern Ethiopia. On the Blue Nile near the border of Sudan, it connects with the White Nile in Khartoum to form the Nile. The announced power generation capacity is nearly 6,500 megawatts, and it will be the largest hydroelectric dam in Africa.
Ethiopia says that the hydroelectric power generated by the dam is essential to meet the energy needs of its 110 million people. However, Egypt, which relies on about 97% of the Nile for irrigation and drinking water, sees Ethiopia’s dams as a threat to its water supply. At the same time, Sudan is worried that if Ethiopia completely replenishes GERD before reaching an agreement, its dam may be destroyed.
So far, the last attempt to negotiate in Kinshasa ended in a new failure on Tuesday evening.Ethiopia “The Nile River Basin and the people of Sudan are directly threatened”At the end of the three-day discussion, the Sudanese Foreign Minister Mariam Al Mansola Elsadig Almadi said. “No new plan [pour les discussions], There is a boulevard in front of Ethiopia, which puts the people of the region and the entire African continent in imminent danger.”, She estimated.
The Ethiopian Water Minister lamented on Wednesday that negotiators from Egypt and Sudan called on observers from South Africa, the United States and the European Union (EU) to increase their participation. Ethiopia wants to give priority to the process led by the rotating African Union presidency headquartered in Addis Ababa. Ethiopian diplomacy said Tuesday night that negotiations will resume before the end of this month.