Eritrea promised in its letter to the UN Security Council that the fighting has been fiercely withdrawing from Tigri since early November.
After six months of conflict, Eritrea realized for the first time the presence of its forces in Ethiopia’s Tigri. The country promised to withdraw them in an overnight letter sent to the UN Security Council from Friday to Saturday, April 18.
In early November, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed announced the dispatch of federal troops to Tigray to arrest and disarm the local leaders of the Tigray Liberation Front (FPLT). Ethiopia accuses these local leaders of launching attacks on military camps of federal forces.
The Ethiopian army is supported by Eritrea, which borders Tigri in the north, and the Ethiopian region of Amhara, which borders Tigri in the south. On November 28th, Mr. Abiy declared victory after occupying Mekele, the capital of the region. But fighting has continued since then, and the Eritrean army has been accused of several massacres and sexual violence.
Despite the testimony of residents, human rights groups, diplomats and even some Ethiopian civilian and military officials, Addis Ababa and Asmara have long denied that Eritreans are active in the region.
At the end of March, Abiy Ahmed finally admitted their existence before announcing that the evacuation was underway. However, the letter written by Sophia Tesfamariam, Eritrea’s ambassador to the United Nations, was issued overnight by the Minister of Information of Eritrea. This was the first time Asmara officially recognized the presence of its soldiers.
The power of FPLT has “Big rejection”, Asmara and Addis Ababa “Take a joint decision at the highest level to begin withdrawing Eritrean troops and at the same time redeploy Ethiopian soldiers on the border” Between the two countries.
On Thursday, Mark Rocock, UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, told the Security Council,“No evidence” The withdrawal of troops from the Eritrean military area has not yet been confirmed. “Aid workers continue to report that they say that the Eritrean Defence Force is committing new atrocities.”, He has emphasized.
The Eritrean ambassador denied the authenticity of this information in the letter: “The allegations of rape and other crimes against Ethiopian soldiers are not only shocking, but they constitute a cruel attack on the culture and history of our people.”
Ethiopia and Zritria clashed during the bloody border war between 1998 and 2000 because FPLT dominated Ethiopia’s power. After Abiy Ahmed, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019, came to power in 2018, the relationship between the two countries has become closer. But Eritrea and FPLT are still fierce enemies.