This NASA technology demonstration attempts to be the first powered flight on another planet in April. If successful, it will open the door to new ways to explore Mars, including human missions to the Red Planet.
What exactly is ingenuity?
It happens to be a small helicopter, a drone, Mars 2020 mission NASA and Wanderer Perseverance led to Mars.This is a technical demonstration, just like an experiment MosesInstead of like MEDA or PTFEBecause it has no intention of assisting or conducting any scientific research on the Red Planet.
What will you do on Mars?
The main purpose is to try Electric helicopter flight On that planet. This is a simple phrase, but it contains endless obstacles, so it works well. The first is the Martian atmosphere, which is very thin and has a density of about one-hundredth that of the Earth.
Therefore, it needs to be original Extremely light And make the blade rotate at a higher speed. The only advantage of flying on Mars is that the gravity of the red planet is only one third of that of the earth, so it takes less effort to lift objects of the same mass.
Another important goal of originality is to observe whether its structure can withstand the extreme temperature of Martian night, which can be as low as -90 degrees Celsius.
When will it take off?
NASA expects Ingenuity to take off for the first time on Sunday, April 11.However, the agency found The problem software Delong After the high-speed steering test of the helicopter blades. There is currently no scheduled date for the flight, but NASA estimates that it will arrange a new attempt in the third week of April.
#MarsHelicopter Update: Alertness is healthy, but flight software update is required. Although the development of the software is very simple, it still takes time to verify and upload. We will set a new flight date next week. https://t.co/b0MzMIPGKz pic.twitter.com/R2wYKaCxqY
-NASA JPL (@NASAJPL) April 13, 2021
The mission window is 30 soles (31 days for Earth days). During this period, Ingenuity will try several test flights and perform different tasks, such as taking photos and environmental data.
Over the years, where did the originality perform its tasks?
Substances that are embedded horizontally under the “abdomen” of the gritty body and prevent it from rising during descent and landing Wanderer. In the past, it and the helicopter traveled from the Earth to Mars along a 471 million-kilometer space capsule separating the two planets.what Interplanetary “ball” Holding a kangaroo and her baby.
Comparing perseverance (large) and originality-sized illustrations. /NASA/JPL-Caltech
How about this little helicopter?
Originality is like hand-held luggage (13.6 x 19.5 x 16.3 cm), weighing about 1.8 kg, which is different from perseverance, which is the same size as a city vehicle and weighs more than one ton.
But the size of this helicopter has nothing to do with its capacity. Since it must fly by itself and does not communicate with the earth in real time, it is prepared to make automatic decisions based on the parameters programmed by NASA engineers: it must adjust the internal temperature, analyze the terrain during the flight to maintain its position, and will be the surface at high altitudes. Take pictures.
What have you accomplished so far?
Defending the capabilities of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an achievement in itself.Space Agency Special Six years Design this drone and prove that it is possible to create an ultra-light tool that can generate enough power to take off from the Martian soil and survive autonomously in the Martian environment.on The video (as of 2:46) You will see how this small drone flies.
So far, Ingenuity has completed the launch phase of the mission and has shown that it can charge its batteries during space travel. The small helicopter managed to fly in a camera simulating a scene of Mars on Earth. It’s time to get rid of the simulator and demonstrate in real life.
What steps must you go through before flying?
Before taking off autonomously, Ingenuity must meet List of previous goals:
-Survive the interplanetary journey to Mars and landing (completed).
-Unfold safely from the “abdomen” of Perseverance, and then land on the ground (completed).
-Maintain your internal temperature on Martian night (finished).
-Use the solar panel to charge the battery (completed).
-versus Wanderer Use the Perseverance subsystem and confirm the communication with NASA (completed).
-Unlock the rotor (completed).
-Rotate its rotor for the first time without leaving the ground.
This is not an illustration: this is the perseverance after perseverance is left on Mars. /NASA/JPL-Caltech
If it succeeds, what will happen next?
If the first flight is successful, Ingenuity will try to fly again within the planned 31 days.In any case, this small helicopter will get Aviation feat: Prove that it is possible to design a powered flying device that adapts to the characteristics of another planet.
This technology demonstration will open the way for future missions with and without Mars to send flight-capable instruments to aircraft.In addition, it will provide Unique point of view, It’s not within the reach of a satellite orbiting the earth or the earth Wanderer Or a site deployed on its surface.
Finally, NASA believes that drones on Mars may carry Light load from one site to another Fly over the surface of Mars.
This article was updated on April 13, 2021 after the scheduled date for the first test flight was delayed.