According to data from the National Transplantation Organization, despite the multiple difficulties caused by the coronavirus and a 22% drop in donations, 4,425 organ transplants were performed in 2020. The 197 transplants performed on children is a record.
Throughout 2020, Spain has launched 4,425 organ transplants, According to the data provided by the National Transplant Organization (Have).due to 1,777 people donated With their organs after death, 268 people donated kidneys or part of their livers while they were still alive.
Although the covid-19 crisis has caused many difficulties, the decline in the number of transplants has only decreased by 18.8%, while the number of donations has decreased by 22.8%. meaning Network professionals and Unity Spanish social organization” means organization.
In his speech, Secretary of Health Silvia Calzón, who accompanied ONT’s general manager Beatriz Domínguez-Gil, emphasized the “power of the Spanish transplantation system in adversity”. Calzón believes: “Although we have slowed down, we are still in a prominent position on a global scale.”
Although there is one in Spain 37.4 donor ratio per million population (Pmp), German registration 11.3, Australia 21.8, Canada 22.2, France 29.4, Italy 25.3, US 36.1, UK 24.7 and the entire EU 22,5 donors
The vitality of the Spanish system is also reflected in 197 baby transplants Record pediatric activities in the history of ONT.
Although the pandemic has reduced the number of donors and transplants, both They kept their upward paceAccording to Calzón, it “proves the effectiveness of ONT’s 50X22 strategic plan measures.” They believe that the plan strives to reach 50 pmp donors and more than 5,500 transplants by 2022. If it is not for covid-19, it will “definitely” be achieved in 2020.
“We must not forget that only 1% to 2% of the people who died in the hospital did so as donors, and they have done this in the ICU. These wards are highly saturated, especially in The most critical moment of the epidemic” has clarified the Secretary of State.
Despite important transplantation activities in the past year, a large number of patients continue to Waiting list Earrings for organs.As of December 31, 2020, this number is 4,794 patients, 92 of them are children.
The number of patients on the list is slightly lower than the number registered in 2019 (4,889 patients). The main reason for the decrease is the decrease in the number of patients waiting for transplantation during 2020, which is attributed to the saturation of the health system due to COVID-19.
Donor profile and transplant type
According to ONT data, 2,700 kidneys, 1,034 livers, 336 lungs, 278 hearts, 73 pancreas and 4 intestinal transplants were performed in 2020. The live donor transplantation activities were also maintained, with a total of 257 kidneys and 11 livers.
Regarding the age of donors, more than half (54.1%) were over 60 years old, 28% were over 70 years old, and 5.4% were over 80 years old.The maximum age of a valid donor is 90 years, He allowed liver and two kidney transplants.
Nine autonomous communities have donors over 40 pmp, and five donor countries over 50 pmp, Cantabria once again topped the list with a donation rate of 65.5 pmp, followed by Navarra (53), Canarias (51.6), Basque Country (51.4) and Murcia (51).
On the other hand, ONT estimates that 1,125 transplants were performed due to the exchange of organs between autonomous communities, accounting for 27.8% of the total. In turn, 8.1% of recipients have been transplanted to centers outside their communities. The sponsor said that both of these figures show the cohesive effect of the Spanish transplantation system.
The data also shows Negative The donation is located at 14%. For asystolic donors (no electrical activity of the heart), the percentage is reduced to 10%.