A survey conducted with the participation of Spain has calculated the number of years of life lost in 81 countries/regions due to the pandemic. The author points out that a total of 20,507,518 years of life were lost due to covid-19 worldwide, and an average of 16 years was lost due to personal deaths.
Huge direct and indirect impact Coronavirus disease Have to minimize Pandemic Regarding the control of health and long-term socio-economic damage to society.
A key parameter for calculating the rationality of restrictive policies is Disease-related mortalityThis led to the establishment of large-scale international cooperation, the purpose of which was to collect data to record the number of deaths attributable to deaths. SARS-CoV-2.
Despite its limitations, each research approach and its related health measures (infection rates, deaths, and excessive deaths) are important to inform citizens and decision makers about the impact of coronavirus mortality.
Research conducted by a group of researchers from different universities and international centers, including Héctor Pifarré Arolas with Guillem Lopez Casasnovas (GuillemLópez Casasnovas), Two from Pompeu Fabra University (Pompeu Fabra University) Health Economics Research Center (CRES-UPF) Estimated the impact of premature deaths caused by covid-19.
It is calculated by calculating the number of years of life lost by the new coronavirus (the difference between an individual’s age at death and life expectancy) and other common diseases (for example, flu or cardiovascular disease).
In research, published in Scientific reportThe Max Planck Institute for Population Research (Germany), the University of Wisconsin-Madison (USA) and the University of Oxford (UK) also participated in the event and were co-funded by the “la Caixa” foundation.
The authors said: “Our results confirm that the covid-19 mortality rate has a significant impact, not only in terms of the number of deaths, but also in terms of the years of life lost.” The pandemic in early 2021
How many years of life have been lost?
Researchers estimate that in 81 countries, the loss of life (YLL) caused by covid-19 exceeds 1,279,866 deaths annually. They also analyzed life expectancy data and predicted the total number of deaths from COVID-19 in various countries.
The author points out that in general, they have lost their way Covid-19 has a service life of 20,507,518 years In the 81 countries/regions in the study, individual deaths averaged 16 years.
Of the total number of years lost, 44.9% occurred in people between 55 and 75 years old, 30.2% occurred in people under 55 years old, and 25% occurred in people over 75 years old. In countries where the number of deaths can be estimated by gender, the average annual income of men is 44% higher than that of women.
In the countries most severely affected by the covid-19 virus, and compared with other common global causes of death, the rate of loss of life caused by the pandemic is 2 to 9 times higher than the average YLL caused by seasonal influenza, attributed to the heart Disease, 1/4 and 1/2 higher than YLL.
In the 35 countries analyzed, the data coverage is at least 9 months. In these cases, this suggests that it may include the full impact of the 2020 pandemic, or at least the first wave of pandemics, while for other countries, this data is still rising.
Experts warn: “The results must be understood in the context of a continuously evolving pandemic; it can be said that the study provides a snapshot of the possible impact of covid-19 on life years lost before January 6, 2021.”
The author emphasizes: “Because it is difficult to accurately record COVID-19-related deaths, and because the policies and practices for coding deaths are still being developed and standardized, the estimated loss of life may be underestimated,” the author emphasized, emphasizing this research Limited to analysis of premature mortality. They concluded: “A comprehensive assessment of the health impact of a pandemic should consider the burden of disability related to the disease.”
Pifarréi Arolas, H., Acosta, E., López Casasnovas, G., Lo, A., Nicodemo, C., Riffe, T., Myrskylä, M. (febrero 2021). “The COVID-19 in 81 countries has lost years.” Scientific report. DOI: 10.1038 / s41598-021-83040-3
In addition to promoting the “la Caixa” foundation, the research also received funding from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, the Quebec Social Cultural Foundation (Canada) and the Covid-19 Research Response Fund of the University of Oxford. (United Kingdom).