The “EDADES 2019/2020 National Drug Plan” survey shows that the trend of large-scale consumption of alcohol and e-cigarettes is on the rise. The risks of most drugs have also increased, and women report that their use of almost all drugs has decreased. These figures were before the announcement of the covid-19 pandemic.
This Survey of Alcohol, Drugs and Other Addictions in Spain 2019/2020 (EDADES), on behalf of the government delegation National Drug Program According to the collection, in this order, alcohol, tobacco and marijuana are the most consumed substances in Spanish households aged 15 to 64.Therefore, as far as the previous version of this survey (i.e. 2017 and 2018) is concerned, the consumption trend of legal drugs has remained stable; and marijuana ÿ Hashish Yes, it has been added.
The consumption of all substances recorded in the survey is More common among men Compared with women, the prevalence of certain drugs (marijuana) is double or even triple (cocaine). Only in analgesics, opioids and hypnotic analgesics, the consumption of sexes is more equal.
A) Yes The perceived risk of consumption has increased Compared with the previous series, the risk of most drugs is higher among women.Nevertheless, alcohol and its large consumption (5-6 glasses of beer or beverages on weekends) are considered less dangerous, and e-cigarette Less harmful than tobacco.
This work collected 17,899 valid replies from all autonomous regions and cities in Spain, which made the photo “representative at the national level and comparable to the international level”, as the secretary explained on Monday. State of health, Silvia Calzón. In a press conference, he defended the “very solid information” of the biennial work that the country has been carrying out for 25 years.
As for the government representatives of the National Drug Program, Joan Ramon Villaby, He emphasized that AGES is “part of this problem, and is our country’s drug problem.” Due to the method of conducting this survey through home visits, COVID-19 pandemic Field work has been interrupted, so no data has been collected since March.
In this regard, Velabi recommends Ministry of Health Elaborated Telephone interview It will provide data on the drug situation during confinement and during the pandemic. The information, which is expected to be released in the next few weeks, is still “very incomplete”, so it is still unknown how the consumption of legal and illegal substances has changed from March to now.
Drinking trends continue stable According to this survey, it is the most consumed material in our country, and its value is very high.This 93% Of respondents said they have consumed Sometime in life, 77.2% in the past 12 months, 63% in the last month, and only 8.8% said they drank every day, which is slightly higher than the last age group in 2017-18 (7.4%).
The most consumed alcohol is beer (78.8% on weekdays and 75.6% on weekends), followed by wine (49.4% during the week, 39% on Saturday and Sunday) and combined (22.7% and 28% respectively).
EDADES survey data among alcohol consumers. /National Drug Program
in. .between the reason Men and women mention the main drinking from the main to the least: it’s fun, they like it, they do it to suit a group of people, and they think it’s healthy.
In the section dedicated to heavy drinking, EDADES recorded an increase in alcohol intake. Drunk In the past 12 months: Last year, 25.7% of men and 13.1% of women said they were drunk, which is higher than the previous series (22.3% for men, 11% for women, 2% for women, 2015 24.1% in 2017) and 13.1% in 2017).
Tobacco and e-cigarette
Consumption tobacco Compared with the historical series of this survey, it has remained stable and its value has been declining. 70% of the respondents have tried the smoking device in their lifetime, using 39.4% last year, 36.8% last month, and 32.3% smoking every day.On the other hand, it has increase Regardless of the number of exits: Compared with the value in the previous survey, 36.8% of women among men and 40.5% of women want to continue smoking (31.1% for men and 35.2% for women).
The most consumed type of tobacco is still box (73.9%), despite Snuff rollThis survey is the first choice of 17% of smokers, and it is more common among young people and low-income groups. 11.6% of waterpipe smokers said that they had used tobacco on this pipe.
In addition to tobacco, the “National Drug Plan” also specifically stipulates the following: e-cigarette Since the issue of this phenomenon began in 2015, this trend has been on the rise. 10.5% of the respondents had tried the disease at some point, last year it was 4.1%, last month it was 1.8%, and 1.1% received it every day. Among consumers surveyed, 48.9% use e-cigarettes with nicotine.
In the words of Joan Ramon Villabi, the government representative of the National Drug Program, if the people who consume e-cigarettes are those who have never smoked or have stopped smoking, this trend will be worrying. He commented: “This may be a way to withdraw or smoke.”
Hash and marijuana, from marijuana And considered the only substance in the survey, they are Spain’s third most consumed drugs.Its consumption trend has increased, especially for those who say that they have tried it in their lifetime, among them Men (46.3%) almost double In what female (28.7%). 10.5% said they took this drug last year, compared to 8% last month and 2.9% took it every day.
Marijuana (48.7%) consumes more than cannabis (20.6%), and 30.8% of the people surveyed claimed to take both substances at the same time. The majority of consumption is in the joints (98%).According to the CAST scale, which analyzes the abuse intake of these substances, 3% of men and 0.9% of women use marijuana in marijuana Troublesome, Slightly higher than the 2017-2018 AGES data (2.5% for men).
Hypnosis and opioid analgesics
In terms of historical series, the trend of over-the-counter hypnotics has remained stable, with similar prevalence rates for men and women. 3.1% claimed to have participated Over-the-counter sleep medication During the lifetime, it was 1.3% last year and 0.5% in the last month. The most common way to get it is through friends or relatives (72.2%).
Regarding opioid analgesics with or without prescription, the use of them is on the rise, although in the words of Villabí, it is not worrying or similar to other countries suffering from the “popularity” of such drug consumption . United States, Thanks to our country’s surveillance of these drugs.It also highlights that the most commonly used opioids are Codeine (54.6% of respondents using opioids) and Tramadol (50%), and Fentanyl (3.6%). However, it is clear that women have higher intakes of these substances in all time frames.
Cocaine and other illegal
The trend of using cocaine powder is rise The prevalence of people in the historical series and men who have tried the method (16.1%) Triad Higher than women (5.7%). Last year 2.5% of people claimed to take cocaine, while on the last day they claimed 1.1%.
As for the rest Illegal drugs Survey records (ecstasy, mushrooms, heroin, amphetamine, methamphetamine, GHB, hallucinogens and volatile inhalants), the prevalence of males was higher than females last year, and the consumption trend is stable.
AGES includes and Compulsive internet use with Problem gambling, Based on the 2017-2024 strategy of the National Drug Plan. Therefore, this survey estimates that 3.7% of respondents are forced to use the Internet, which is higher than the rate in 2015 and 2017 (both 2.9%).
Although the prevalence by sex remains the same (3.9% for men and 3.5% for women), Generational factors addicted to Internet: 11.3% Respondents from 15 to 24 years old Shows compulsive use, while people below the age group show lower value (5% for people 25 to 34 years old, 2.6% for people 35 to 44 years old, and 1.5 for people 45 to 54 years old %, 1% for people over 55 years old).
on Money game, On the Internet Compared with the last survey (3.5%), the prevalence in 2019 (6.7% of respondents) is much higher. Men (9.2%) play twice as much as women (4.2%).This contour Among these players is a man who has an average age of 38 and is mainly engaged in online sports betting.
About the game Presented, The trend continues to grow in this survey (63.6% in 2019, 59.5% in 2017), and men’s gaming levels are slightly higher than women (65.9% vs. 61.2%). The most common game is lottery, with a higher percentage (94.4%) having played lottery, followed by instant lottery (24.9%) and football and/or quinegal (14.6%).
Over 64 years of study
Spain surveys people over 64 for the first time ESDAM. The main results show that among people over 64, the consumption of legal and illegal psychoactive substances is less than that of people aged 15 to 64, and that among all psychoactive substances, the consumption of men is more widespread.
About consumption Alcoholic beverages Among the population over 64, daily consumption increases, wine consumption increases, and intensive consumption decreases (Drunk, Drunk and high-risk drinking).
The results show that the consumption of psychoactive substances is less distributed among the elderly population. / PNSD
52.9% of the elderly say Smoking in life (77.9% for men and 34.1% for women). Last year, 12.8% of the population over the age of 64 smoked, and the proportion of daily smokers was 9.8%.
Among people over 64 years old, 4.3% may Sedative hypnotic use disorder (2.2% for men and 5.8% for women). Last year, the only illegal psychoactive substance consumed was marijuana, with a use rate of 0.5%.
on I play moneyLast year, 68.3% of people gambled personally, which is 5 percentage points higher than the population aged 15 to 64. Last year, 64% of people over the age of 64 gambled online. Among the population over the age of 64, 1.3% may have problems with gambling or gambling disorders.