In the middle of the second wave of the coronavirus pandemic in Spain, the annual flu campaign is brought forward to the first half of October with the aim of preventing the two epidemics from coexisting and collapsing the health system, especially the Primary Care centers.

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The Ministry of Health has decided to advance the flu vaccination campaign by population groups at risk to achieve 75% coverage in people over 65 years of age and professionals in health and social health centers and 60% in pregnant women and people with chronic diseases.

The main problem with the arrival of autumn is that with the sudden drop in temperatures the first colds and flu appear, whose symptoms are relatively similar to those of Covid-19. This is going to be a great challenge for the healthcare system, so it is necessary to know what the main symptoms of each condition are and learn to differentiate them.

Differences between colds and Covid-19

The common cold or cold is caused by different viruses and some of them even belong to the coronavirus family. However, the most characteristic symptoms are different from those caused by SARS-CoV-2 and it is much milder.

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If you have a cold, it is very common to Nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat, coughing, and sneezing. However, it rarely occurs with fever or muscle pain, as is the case with Covid-19. There is also no loss of taste or smell, a very characteristic alarm sign caused by the coronavirus.

How to distinguish Covid-19 from influenza?

Now, the differences between flu and Covid-19 are more complicated, since they tend to have practically the same symptoms. Both viral illnesses can present with fever, dry cough, shortness of breath, tiredness, diarrhea, headache, and muscle pain.

Spain begins preparations for the arrival of the flu virus, which always arrives on time for its appointment at the beginning of winter. However, the persistence of the Covid-19 pandemic has made this year the usual vaccination campaign take on a particular relevance to try to prevent the two epidemics from converging, forming an explosive cocktail for the health system.
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The intensity can be different, since the coronavirus infection usually presents a more intense feeling of fatigue and generalized pain, as well as a higher fever. Furthermore, un high percentage of people affected by Covid-19 have lost their smell and taste. In any case, the best way to know if it is the flu or Covid-19 is to perform a diagnostic test.

Another of the main differences is the incubation period, since in the flu it is usually one to four days, while in Covid-19 it can last up to 14 days. In this way, flu symptoms tend to appear more suddenly and suddenly unlike those of Covid-19, whose evolution is progressive and generates more clinical complications.