The Plurinational Legislative Assembly of Bolivia has approved the report of the special commission that investigated the cases of Sacaba and Senkata, for which it authorizes the initiation of a liability trial against the outgoing president, Jeanine Ánez, as well as six more criminal proceedings against her, eleven of her ministers and seven officers of the Armed Forces and the Police.
The charges against Áñez include resolutions contrary to the Constitution and laws, breach of duties, genocide, murder, attempted murder, serious injuries, injury followed by death, criminal association, deprivation of liberty, forced disappearance of people, due to the events that occurred in Sacaba, Cochabamba, and Senkata, El Alto, according to the local newspaper ‘El Duty’.
Accusations against him
The special commission of Bolivian Parliament, recommended in its final report to initiate two liability trials against Áñez and members of his cabinet for the massacres of protesters during the first days of his term in 2019.
Said report detailed that in the case of the events in Sacaba, in El Alto, where at least 36 people died, “A liability trial has been determined against Jaenine Áñez for the crimes of genocide, murder, attempted murder, serious injuries, injuries followed by death and criminal association.”
While on the other hand, the second cause is related to the signing of Decree 4078 on November 14, 2019, a day after Áñez was sworn in, when the conflicts and protests they happened throughout the whole country.
Specifically, article 3 of this measure exempted the military from responsibility, for which Áñez is accused of crimes of resolutions contrary to the Constitution and breach of duties. For this cause, in addition, all the ministers who signed the decree will be tried, eleven in total.
With the approval of the report, the Assembly has given the green light to initiate a ordinary judgment against the ministers of Government, Arturo Murillo, and of Defense, Luis Fernando López, for the crimes of genocide and murder, among others, as well as against the former commander of the Police Yuri Calderón and the former commander of the Army Williams Kaliman for the same crimes.
The cases have been referred to the Attorney General’s Office (FGE), La State Attorney General’s Office (PGE) and the Comptroller’s Office, which will continue with the investigations and finally open the processes.