Bolivia will go to elections without Evo Morales for the first time in three decades

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The former president was trying to run for a seat in the Senate. But Justice prevented him for not meeting the requirements.

Bolivia faces an electoral scenario without Evo Morales for the first time in more than three decades, after a court specialized in constitutional matters ratified the decision of the electoral body to disqualify his candidacy for the Senate.

The former Bolivian president filed a constitutional protection action before the decision of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE) to disqualify him last February for Failure to comply with the requirement, indicated in the Constitution, to reside in the country, guardianship that was rejected this Monday by the Second Constitutional Chamber of La Paz.

Morales’s detractors highlighted the judicial decision, while the former president, who has resided in Argentina since last December, after his hasty resignation, questioned it. Although he maintained that he will abide by it.

The interim president and candidate, Jeanine Áñez, promised this Tuesday on Twitter that while he is in charge of the Executive “the only way in which Evo will return to Bolivia is to face justice for fraud, for violation of Human Rights and for sexual abuse of minors “.

In the same social network, the bench of deputies of the Movement to Socialism (MAS), Morales’s party, considered that his disqualification is “a serious violation of political and asylum rights” and assured that despite the “dirty war unleashed by the right and the pressure exerted on the Constitutional Chamber, they will not be able to stop the people. “

Is It will be the first time since 1989 that the coca grower leader does not stand for election, because that year he ran for the first time as a deputy for the now defunct United Left (IU), without gaining space in the Legislative.

In 1993 he repeated the candidacy, this time on behalf of the Eje de Convergencia party (EJE), also without success.

Morales came to Parliament in 1997 as a deputy of IU representing the Carrasco and Chapare de Cochabamba provinces (departments), the union and political strongholds where he forged his leadership among the coca growers.

The first time he ran for the Presidency in 2002, already with the acronym MAS, he was second, but he was able to access Parliament again, to which he also aspired.

Morales won the general elections in October 2005, with consecutive victories in the 2009 and 2014 elections. Last year he tried to win a new term, although the Constitution does not allow more than two consecutive terms. But the elections, in which he supposedly won, were annulled and are under criminal investigation for allegations of fraud.

After the failed elections of last October, a political and social conflict broke out with massive mobilizations that led, on November 10, to the resignation of Morales, who denounced an alleged coup against him.

Morales was received first in Mexico and then arrived in Argentina, from where he has been managing the Bolivian electoral campaign since the beginning of this year.

The MAS has a history of insisting on always having Morales as a candidate, since it sought by all means that he could run again for the Presidency in 2014 and 2019, despite the fact that the Bolivian Constitution that he himself promulgated in 2009 allows only two consecutive terms .

In both cases, Morales obtained favorable rulings from the Constitutional Court to qualify himself, despite the fact that a referendum in 2016 denied him the possibility of seeking reelection.

Now the MAS tried through the courts to win his candidacy for first senator for the central region of Cochabamba, despite the fact that the electoral body had disqualified him.

The resolutions of the electoral court are “irrevisible”, but anyone who believes that their rights are being violated can go to the constitutional jurisdiction, as Evo Morales did, the constitutional lawyer Gonzalo Hidalgo explained to the EFE agency.

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