Big black cities propel Biden to the presidency

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This 2020 may be the year that blacks from United States make your voice more noticeable. And not only because of the social movement ‘Black Lives Matter‘against police violence, but because the presumed presidential defeat of Donald Trump it has been decided in big cities like Detroit, Milwaukee, Atlanta and Philadelphia, where some of the largest black communities in the country reside.

The black vote has boosted the presidential race of Joe Biden. According to a preliminary survey, the candidate would have received 87% of the supports of the community (driven by 91% among black women), but where they have had a transcendental weight has been in the key states of Michigan, Wisconsin, Georgia and Pennsylvania, which have been turning blue in that order. And that is due to the strong mobilization of the electorate. Of the first two, Biden has already taken 26 electoral votes. In the other two states, he is leading and can lead him to exceed the 270 delegates needed to become the next tenant of the White House.

These are the keys to his victory:

Michigan

The start of the Democratic turnaround began on Wednesday in Michigan, where the final tally of the vote by mail and of big cities benefited those of Biden, who have taken 50.5% of the votes. It has also won 89% of the black votes, which represent 10% of the total of this industrial state. Although much of its territory is Republican, the most populated areas have ended up being crucial.

Especially decisive has been the city of Detroit, the poorest in the country and the one with the highest percentage of black citizens, 78.6% of the population. There Biden has won 93.5% of the votes, a point and a half less than Hillary Clinton in 2016 but that was enough to certify his victory in Wayne County, where the city is located. The increase in black participation in the city, which would be the highest in the last 20 or 30 years, has been essential. “We have gone from picking cotton or electing presidents,” celebrated a black protester in Detroit. His strong victory in Oakland County, once a Republican stronghold, has also been key.

Wisconsin

Shortly after taking over Michigan, the Democrats managed to re-dye Wisconsin blue. In 2016, Trump won the first Republican victory in the state in three decades, which was key to his election. Now, Biden has prevailed, also in the final stretch of the count, by just over 20,000 votes, obtaining 49.4% of the vote compared to 48.8% for the president. Participation has grown five points to 72.3%, the highest since 2004.

Wisconsin is a predominantly white state, with African Americans making up only 6% of voters. Biden has obtained, according to preliminary results, 46% of the vote of the former and 92% of the latter. However, his victory has been cemented in the counties where his capital is, Madison (75.5% for Biden), and its largest city, Milwaukee (69.1%), where the black electorate represents 27.2% of the total.

Georgia

Another essential status to seal a Biden victory has been Georgia, which after two days of recount the Democrats has managed to turn this Friday, ahead of Trump with a margin of 1,561 votes, so narrow that a recount will be carried out. Since 1964, Georgia has only been a Democrat in three elections; the last in 1992 with the victory of Bill Clinton.

The ‘sorpasso’ to Republicans is due to the fact that the last votes counted are from traditionally blue counties such as Fulton (where they have obtained 72.6% of the votes), Clayton (84.9%) and DeKalb (83.1% ) or the improvement in other historically reds such as Gwinnett, where the Democrats have tripled the margin obtained in 2016 with 58.3%. In Fulton is Atlanta, capital of the state and the ninth most populous city in the US. The other counties are part of your residential area.

According to the exit polls, Biden would have obtained 85% of the African American vote, which represents 30% of the Georgia electorate. However, in the aforementioned counties, which are more populated and therefore with greater electoral weight, this proportion is much higher. In Fulton 44.5% of voters are black (52% in Atlanta), while in Clayton they are 72.8% and in DeKalb 54.8%. Clayton County is part of the district that until July, when he passed away, represented Congressman John Lewis, a recognized leader of African American civil rights and one of Trump’s biggest critics.

Pennsylvania

With 95% of the votes counted, Biden has also achieved a last minute turnaround this Friday in Pennsylvania, where his victory is already projected despite the lack of official confirmation. The democrats would obtain 49.4% of the votes with a margin of 9,000 votes over the republicans, thus conquering an indispensable state.

Analysts point out that the key to that turn is due to the blue victories in the counties where Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, its two most populated cities, one with a black majority with 42.3% of the population and the other where it represents 23.2%. In the first Biden would be won with more than 80% of the votes and in the second with almost 59%.

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