Author: Sara Ham

Know blood type, clinical test, donate blood, at-home test for results. Knowing your blood type is important for numerous reasons. It can be vital to understanding your health, including your heart health, and can save you in an emergency situation. There are three main ways to determine your blood type: a clinical test, donating blood, and an at-home test. A clinical test involves drawing a blood sample and performing two tests on it. Forward typing is when the blood sample is mixed with antibodies against type A and B blood. Reverse typing is when the blood sample without red blood…

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Cognitive decline due to poor diet, lack of exercise, and social isolation can be prevented and detected early with lifestyle changes. High sodium and low potassium linked to memory impairment in elderly. Chinese salt intake exceeds WHO recommendation. Cognitive decline is a natural part of aging, but can also be caused by medical conditions, lifestyle choices, and other factors. Dementia is a debilitating condition that affects a person’s ability to remember, think, and make decisions, making it difficult for them to perform everyday activities. It has become one of the leading causes of death and disability among the elderly worldwide,…

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Patient with VEXAS syndrome misdiagnosed, research reveals 13,200 men, 2,300 women affected, genetic sequencing key to diagnosis, treatments being studied. Hector Campos, a patient in the NBC medical drama Chicago Med, presented with shortness of breath, erratic fever, and swollen, itchy ears. His wife reported that he had tested negative for COVID-19. After initially misdiagnosing his symptoms as pneumonia and a bacterial infection, a test revealed widespread inflammation, and fellow ER surgeon Dean Archer suggested it might be VEXAS, a rare autoinflammatory syndrome. In 2020, clinical genetics researcher David Beck and his colleagues identified VEXAS in a study published in…

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Girl had rare ovarian cancer due to tumor, misdiagnosed as hormonal imbalance. A 12-year-old girl recently had a 3-pound tumor removed along with her entire left ovary. Initially misdiagnosed with a pituitary gland disorder, the girl had been experiencing irregular periods and lactation. After an ultrasound revealed the mass in her lower abdomen, she was diagnosed with a rare juvenile form of ovarian cancer called juvenile-type granulosa cell tumor (JGCT). JGCT is a type of tumor that grows from ovarian tissue that releases hormones estrogen and inhibin, and it can cause puberty to come early or stop once it’s started.…

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Contact health care provider if sick; prevent spread of viruses; TRICARE covers tests and treatment. Winter is the time of year when viruses like COVID-19, flu, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) become more common. It is important to know what to do if you feel under the weather, so contact your health care provider as soon as possible if you feel sick. Symptoms of these viruses can be similar, and it is not possible to tell the difference between them by symptoms alone. Common symptoms shared by these viruses include fever, chills, cough, shortness of breath, fatigue, sore throat, runny…

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WEHI researchers have solved a century-old question in diabetes research, discovering a molecule other than insulin can have the same effect, paving the way for an oral insulin pill. WEHI-led study opens new avenues for the development of drugs to replace insulin injections. Researchers at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute (WEHI) in Melbourne have solved a century-old question in diabetes research by discovering that a molecule other than insulin can have the same effect. This provides valuable information for the future creation of an oral insulin pill. People with type 1 diabetes cannot produce insulin and require multiple daily…

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Manage blood sugar levels with healthy lifestyle, exercise, diet, water, stress, and sleep. Millions of people around the world are affected by high blood sugar levels, which is a silent pandemic. To manage diabetes, it is important to lead a healthy lifestyle and eat appropriately. There are several activities that can help lower blood sugar levels naturally in addition to prescribed medications. These include regular exercise, learning about carbs and managing intake, eating a fibre-rich diet, eating mindfully and learning portion size, drinking plenty of water and staying hydrated, managing stress levels, and getting quality sleep. All of…

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Man uses drugs for weight loss, causes “Ozempic face” with aged appearance; doctors use fillers, face lift, fat transfer. The use of medications intended for type 2 diabetes and clinical obesity, such as Ozempic, Wegovy and Mounjaro, have become popular on social media for quick weight loss. However, some have reported side effects, such as an aged appearance, which has been dubbed “Ozempic face.” Jennifer Berger, who took Mounjaro (tirzepatide) to lose weight following her pregnancy, experienced this side effect. While the drug allowed her to lose 20 lbs., she noticed her face looked gaunt and aged. Dr. Oren Tepper,…

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Exercise can help rejuvenate aging muscles by promoting epigenetic reprogramming. Exercise has long been known as a “polypill”, a drug-free treatment for many chronic diseases associated with aging. A new study published in The Journal of Physiology investigated how exercise can help rejuvenate aging muscles. The study compared the effects of exercise on gene expression in muscle fibers from mice and humans. The results of the study showed that exercise induces the expression of a single transcription factor, Myc, to a greater extent than the other three factors. This suggests that exercise reprograms muscle fibers to a more youthful state…

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Moderate to vigorous exercise linked to better cognition in mid-life. Physical activity is an important factor in maintaining good cognitive performance during middle age. Research published in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health has found that moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is linked to better cognition and brain power in mid-life. This intensity level was associated with better working memory and mental processes. On the other hand, reducing the intensity to lower intensity or sedentary behavior for 6-7 minutes per day was associated with poorer cognitive performance. The research drew on participants in the 1970 British Cohort Study,…

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