At least 42 massacres have been perpetrated this year in Colombia, while 48 social leaders and human rights defenders have been killed, including nine from ethnic communities and five women.
This is clear from the latest report by the Secretary General of the United Nations, Antonio Gutérres, before the Security Council on the UN Verification Mission in Colombia, which states that “despite a decrease in national homicide rates in the first semester, violence in the regions most affected by the conflict has continued “.
The report, released in Bogotá by the UN, refers to “42 verified cases (of massacres) by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)“so far this year and” another 13 in the process of verification, “the information added.
Among the victims of the massacres are 19 minors and 12 women.
Likewise, the United Nations reported that 48 social leaders have been assassinated, crimes that are committed “mainly in areas with little state presence, high levels of poverty, illicit economies and disputes between illegal armed groups and criminal organizations.”
Killings of ex-combatants
The report further states that “Incessant violence against ex-combatants continues to affect peacebuilding”, and details that so far in 2020 50 former FARC guerrillas have been murdered, two of them women.
These crimes bring to 224 the number of former guerrilla members assassinated since the government and the FARC signed the peace agreement in November 2016.
“In 2020, 30% of the killings have been committed near the new reincorporation areas, which are mostly located in isolated rural regions,” according to the information.
The report highlights that, in response to these attacks, “in July the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) ordered several state institutions to take protective measures for former FARC members.”
The Special Investigation Unit (UEI) of the Attorney General’s Office, cited by the UN, It has reported 31 convictions and 20 cases in the trial stage.
“During the reporting period, 4 suspected intellectual authors were arrested, bringing a total of 15 since the signing of the final agreement. The Secretary General urges all relevant institutions to support the UEI to strengthen its presence in the regions “, detailed the United Nations.