forum. In this year when mankind is decisive, the time has come for brave climate action. From a scientific point of view, the facts are clear and are the subject of a global consensus: In order to prevent the climate crisis from becoming a permanent disaster, we must limit global warming to 1 degree Celsius and 5 degrees Celsius.
To this end, we must reduce net greenhouse gas emissions to zero by the middle of this century. Many countries that account for about two-thirds of the world’s economy have pledged to do so. This is encouraging, but every country, city, business and financial institution urgently needs to join this alliance and formulate specific plans to achieve net zero emissions.
Now, governments urgently need to take concrete actions to align with this long-term ambition, as billions of dollars have been mobilized to defeat the Covid-19 pandemic. Economic recovery is an opportunity to reconsider our future, or an opportunity that has never been considered.
To this end, the world has adopted a solid framework for action: the Paris Agreement, in which all countries have committed to establish their own national climate action plans and strengthen these plans within five years. Five years later, with overwhelming evidence that if we do not act, we will destroy our planet, we know that it is time to act decisively and effectively, as the United Nations called in November 2021 in Glasgow (Scotland) ) All countries act the same. COP26.
By 2030, the new national action plan is expected to reduce global greenhouse gas pollution by at least 45% compared to 2010. Many of these plans have been proposed, which propose clearer policies to adapt to the effects of climate change and accelerate access to renewable energy.
But so far, they have only reduced emissions by less than 1%. In fact, this is the biggest warning sign to the earth and its inhabitants.
In the next few months, starting from the next summit of leaders in the United States, governments must revise their ambitions very clearly, especially those countries with the highest emissions, which are the main source of this crisis. .
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