A survey conducted by the Spanish Observatory of Drugs and Addiction found that the consumption of hypnotic analgesics without a prescription has increased, while the consumption of other analyzed substances has decreased.During the pandemic, the increase in internet leisure time during gambling online it makes.
Consumption of alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, e-cigarettes and cocaine Overall decline Spain has been spreading in Spain since the pandemic.
This is the main conclusion of the result Survey of the Spanish Drug and Addiction Observatory (OEDA) on covid, which observes and analyzes consumption trends substance Spiritual harmony Behavior Be addicted before and during the pandemic. This report is in line with the interest of the Ministry of Health, hoping to understand how it affects the confinement of the population and measures to contain the coronavirus, especially for people who consume a certain substance throughout their lives.
The investigation was proposed by the Minister of Health Carolina Darias on Friday, and the representative of the National Drug Program, Joan R. Villabí, conducted an investigation. Representative sample Among the Spanish population, 8,780 replies Collected between November 2020 and December 2020: 7,886 people between 15 and 64 years old, and 894 people over 64 years old.
The minister said that previous investigations (e.g. EDADES) reflected trend The country took drugs, but with the arrival of the pandemic, his field work ceased. In this report on the pandemic, “we provide continuity to the data, allowing us to analyze addiction trends and formulate public health policies.”
The representative pointed out that the “feat” of this investigation after the suspension of EDADES was carried out through face-to-face interviews at home. At the same time, it praises certain addictive uses, such as tobacco or alcohol, which require a lot of effort to counteract, Reduced during this period. However, he believes that it is necessary to analyze material trends that depend on specific circumstances, such as parties or drug-related encounters, to understand whether this reduction is temporary or permanent.
This alcohol, This is the most consumed addictive substance in Spain, Drastically reduced Consumption during the pandemic: Although 62% of Spaniards claimed to have taken the drug before covid-19, they only do so now 57,3%.
This reduction occurs in Unisex, 70.6% to 66.2% for men and 53.4% to 48.3% for women.Hand in All ages, People have observed a reduction in consumption, but this phenomenon is more pronounced in people under the age of 25.
Regarding the observed pattern changes, the survey showed that Women who stopped drinking During the pandemic (7.6%), men maintained (34.5%) or reduced (26%) consumption. Based on age, this work can find that 15-34-year-olds give up and reduce drinking rates higher, while 35-64-year-olds have similar trends as before confinement.
About people who drink Drink every day, The survey reflects the steady trend before delivery. The drinking rate of men is higher (9.4% for women and 5% for women), and this type of drinking increases with age.
Finally, the OEDA report shows that Get drunk, Men and women, especially those under the age of 25. Although the prevalence of this type of consumption is 17.2%, the pandemic has reduced it to 9.7%.
Tobacco, marijuana and e-cigarettes
This tobacco, Is the second most addictive substance consumed in the United States, Reduce consumption: Although 29.1% of the respondents claimed to have smoked before the coronavirus, 27.7% now smoke. In all age groups, especially those under the age of 25, this consumption is decreasing, but women’s consumption is lower than men’s.
According to the trend, the survey shows 2.6% of Spaniards quit smoking During the pandemic, only one percent of people start smoking without being aware of gender differences. Regarding age, it is observed that as the age increases, the number of smokers decreases.
This Daily consumption Tobacco use during confinement has also decreased: 32.3% of smokers do this every day, compared to 23.4% now.
Consumption marijuanaThe virus is the most widely used illicit substance in the country and has decreased during the pandemic: before the prevalence rate of 7.8%, the coronavirus had reduced it to 6.5%. This decline is more pronounced among men and people under the age of 25.
Finally, use e-cigarette Last year, regardless of men and women, all age groups, especially those under the age of 34, the proportion dropped (previously 3.5%, now 2.3%).
Consumption cocaineAccording to the survey, its prevalence has been greatly reduced during the pandemic: although the previous prevalence rate was 1.4%, it is now 1%.About use Opioid analgesicsThis work reflects that 1.3% of the respondents consumed it without a prescription.
The only substance that the report detects that consumes more during the pandemic is Over-the-counter hypnotics: Before the occurrence of rabies, their prevalence rate was 1.9%, and now it is 3.1%. Women and women over 25 years of age consume the substance most (prevalence 4% vs 2.1%).
Behaviors with addictive potential
The Observatory’s survey also collected Three potentially addictive behaviors: Use the Internet for entertainment, face-to-face money gambling and online gambling.
Internet leisure consumption itself is not worried, but it is addictive, especially related to online gambling
on Internet leisure, The prevalence rates before and during the pandemic are very similar (91.8% and 91.4%, respectively), but the use time has increased significantly: 216.6 minutes a day on weekdays (147.2 before COVID-19) and 227.8 on weekends (before Is 163.3).
In the words of the representative of the National Drug Program, the use of the Internet itself is not worrying, but it is worth paying attention to how it relates to other addictive tendencies: “It is worrying in society and has the potential to be addictive. , Especially behaviors related to Internet gambling.”
Precisely about online game, The survey shows that before and during the pandemic, the epidemic has remained stable (4.5% and 4.3%, respectively), with higher prevalence among men and people under 44.on Face-to-face games, The prevalence during the pandemic was low (previously it was 8.8%, and today is 5.3%).
On the other hand, among people of gender and all age groups, it is observed that the consumption of alcoholic beverages among people over 64 years old is lower than people between 15 and 64 years old. Therefore, the consumption rate of the elderly population has also declined: from 34.2% before childbirth to 31.8% at present.
Regarding tobacco consumption, men and women and people of all ages have found a decrease in smoking during the pandemic (10.9% before the pandemic and 8.9% today), and the smoking rate among men is higher.