forum. Since we must now consider global warming, we need to be clear about integrating its parameters into development strategies.
MediumDespite the different trajectories, our deep attachment to the African continent unites us, and we cannot remain indifferent when extreme and deadly weather events occur there. We still remember the Bab-el-Oued flood that occurred in Algeria 20 years ago, which killed nearly a thousand people, or Somaliland was devastated by drought in 2017, and 1 million people faced food insecurity.
Although the African continent only emits 4% of the planet’s greenhouse gases, it is most vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. The reason is the combination of certain geographical and economic factors, as well as dependence on natural resources.
Southern Africa: When climate affects food security
According to the 2021 Global Climate Risk Index established by the non-governmental organization Germanwatch, Mozambique and Zimbabwe are the two countries most affected by extreme weather events in 2019. According to the index, five of the ten countries most affected by these phenomena in 2019 are African countries. Cyclones, floods, droughts, locust invasions, climate risks have different forms, and their impacts are diverse.
In the western part of the African continent, in Senegal and the 700 kilometers bordering the Atlantic Ocean, coastal erosion, the inevitable result of rising water levels and the salinization of farmland, have had a considerable impact on self-sufficient food. According to a 2019 study by the National Academy of Sciences of Senegal, salinization affects one-quarter to one-third of the country’s arable land, accounting for about 6% of its total area. This has deprived 330,000 rural families of their main means of survival, and has exacerbated rural population outflows, immigration, and ethnic conflicts. From this observation, there is no doubt that the fight against global warming and the fight against poverty are two aspects of the same coin.
In Kenya, the devastating return of the desert locust
In Africa, climate shocks are also an accelerator of humanitarian, economic, immigration and conflict crises on the African continent where agricultural activities dominate the economy. It should be remembered that these represent more than half of the work, especially in the sub-Saharan region of the African continent. Therefore, large-scale socio-economic imbalances not only lead to unstable and troubled situations, but also exacerbate the threat of terrorism, especially in the Sahel.
In addition, the least developed countries and small island developing States, such as the Comoros, are particularly vulnerable to climate shocks and disasters due to their limited adaptive capacity and these shocks in fact exacerbate existing difficulties.. In Dakar, the September 2020 floods highlighted the obsolescence of the sanitation system in certain areas of the city that dates back 50 to 60 years.
Green Wall Great Wall: “Creating Dreams and Hopes on the African Continent”
According to the report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)***, we know that time is running out. “No Planet B” uses the formula of former UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. United Nations. To achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and fully realize the green transformation, there are still ten years away. The increase in the share of regional and global multilateral funding dedicated to climate action is moving towards more consideration of climate issues in Africa.