According to the public finance charter, France’s announced development priorities for the Sahel “are only partially followed up.”
Some strategies were written and reiterated in the political speech. Then there are facts. In the Sahel, the Court of Audit held that there was a big gap between France’s announced ambitions and the reality of its promises.In a report published on Thursday, April 22, public finance officials emphasized that the development priorities shown in France’s various strategies in the Sahel since 2009 have not “Only a partial follow-up”.
France’s support for the Group of Five Sahel (Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Chad) doubled between 2012 and 2019, increasing from 584 million euros at the beginning of the war in northern Mali to More than 1.17 billion euros 7 years later.But the assistance provided to stability and development did not “Not following the same progress”, Pay attention to the report. Between 2012 and 2019, the annual amount allocated to them even dropped, from 431 million euros to less than 325 million euros. According to the Court of Audit, during the same period, approximately 60% of the money paid by France to the Sahel was allocated to military operations.
However, in public, French officials have repeatedly insisted that the region become one of the poorest regions in the world to raise funds for development.The former French envoy for the Sahel, Jean-Marc Châtaigner, also described this area as “The last frontier of development” It is recommended to give up. But according to the court of audit, “The priority of supporting the Sahel region has not yet been translated into reality: the five Sahel regions accounted for 10% of official development assistance in 2018 [aide publique au développement] The French in Africa and Mali accounted for 2.5%. The proposal has not changed from 2013″.
According to the Rapporteur, France and the European Union prefer “Spontaneously direct actions to countries with more advanced economies and more stable geopolitical situations”.The development assistance provided by France and the European Union as a whole to the Sahel was adopted “Loans instead of donations.”
France launched Operation “Serval” in Mali in 2013 (converted to Operation “Barkhane” since 2014), and its effectiveness also made the Rapporteur skeptical. Therefore, they pointed out that if France’s military investment since 2012 has increased almost 7 times (from 153 million euros to more than 1 billion euros at present), the results on the ground will hardly match the set targets.
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