A study of CIBER of Obesity and Nutrition (Ciberobn) ensures that a greater carbohydrate quality ingested is associated with a lower risk to suffer breast cancer, mainly in premenopausal women.
The study, published in the journal ‘Clinical Nutrition’, analyzed the relationship between carbohydrate consumption and the risk of breast cancer, and the results reflect that a higher quality of ingested carbohydrates, that is, those with the highest fiber content dietary and with a lower glycemic index, are associated with a lower risk of suffering from breast cancer.
To carry out the work, the information from 10,812 women SUN project participants, who provided, at the beginning of the study, data on their lifestyle, physical exercise, medical history and frequency of consumption of 136 foods, as well as reproductive factors and family history of breast cancer.
These women, free of breast cancer at the start of the study, were followed every two years for one average twelve years, time in which 101 new cases with this pathology were confirmed by medical reports.
Andrea Romanos, lead author and in charge of presenting the study at a press conference, explained that “although much of the information about carbohydrate consumption as an energy source refers to the amount of carbohydrates in the intake, it is very take into account the nutrient quality. Therefore, we evaluated it in this study and we could observe that the quality of these was more relevant than the total amount of carbohydrates ingested.
“Based on these results, we see that it is essential to reduce the consumption of products such as dairy shakes, drinks sugary, commercial or bottled juices, white bread, industrial pastries, sweets and chocolates; Y increase consumption of legumes, fruits, vegetables, vegetables, whole grain cereals, such as wheat, oats, quinoa, and choose rice, pasta and bread in their integral versions “, said the researcher.