The nation has a strong main care community, excessive response velocity, and excessive social accountability.
Simply over ten years in the past, throughout the president’s first time period Jose Pepe Mujica, Uruguay launched an bold public well being plan that immediately has been very important to cease the coronavirus. Few nations on the earth have a well being system so common and few Latin American nations have such an egalitarian society, with so many voters prepared to hyperlink their particular person freedom to sturdy social accountability.
Uruguay is a rustic of three and a half million inhabitants, which has solely had 7,806 circumstances of Covid-19 and 86 useless, a charge of two deaths per 100,000 folks. In Argentina this charge is 89 and in Brazil it’s 85. In Spain it reaches 99 and is among the highest on the earth.
Uruguay has been one of many nations that has greatest acted towards the virus as a result of over the past decade it has invested a 20% del PBI in well being. The common of this expenditure in Latin America is 12%, in Spain it’s 8.9% and within the European Union it’s 9.8%.
Mujica, furthermore, by no means thought-about well being care to be an expense however an funding and a proper. Final Might, throughout the fifth assembly of the Puebla group, a political and educational discussion board of the Ibero-American left, nonetheless insisted that “it’s essential to spend way more in well being”.
Because of this, Uruguay has, in accordance with the WHO, a common well being system that is among the most accessible on the earth, with an in depth community of household docs who deal with sufferers in their very own properties and this yr have been key to stopping the unfold of Covid-19. Uruguay has 5 docs for each thousand inhabitants, whereas within the area they don’t exceed 2.3.
The Prehospital Emergency System, which consists of serving the inhabitants in their very own properties or as near them as doable, you may have prevented pointless hospital admissions. Likewise, the Nationwide Care System, targeted on childhood, the aged and the dependent has additionally been elementary.
Uruguay, nevertheless, not solely has a first-rate well being system, as Gionvanni Escalante, consultant of the WHO and the Pan American Well being Group, explains, however “has managed to arrange earlier than the encircling nations ”.
On March 13, when solely 4 circumstances had been registered, the Authorities decreed the closure of colleges and universities, in addition to borders. Uruguay has a land border of greater than a thousand kilometers with Brazil, one of many nations most affected however the virus. Alongside this line there are binational cities through which simply cross a road to alter nation. It was not simple in any respect to include the pandemic there.
The federal government additionally suspended the exhibits, advisable that the inhabitants, so far as doable, do business from home and put on a masks. Neither of those measures was obligatory, however folks adopted them. The communication marketing campaign “Keep at house” additionally contributed to this.
Uruguay has not imposed any confinement or closure of companies, however the inhabitants has understood that they need to observe the suggestions for their very own curiosity. “Greater than 90% of the folks agreed to remain house and the shops didn’t open, ”defined Well being Minister Daniel Salinas.
Uruguay has 3.5 million inhabitants, virtually all of them stay in Montevideo (1.3 million) and on the coast. Density is low, even within the capital. The pure distance that the Uruguayans already maintained was a assist, as was the truth that in all municipalities the inhabitants had entry to ingesting water. Demographics, nevertheless, have additionally performed towards as a result of Uruguay has the inhabitants oldest within the area.
The federal government’s response was important to curb Covid-19. President Luis Lacalle Pou, of the conservative Nationwide Occasion, had solely been in workplace for 2 weeks when the pandemic started. Even so, his authorities created in just a few days a advisory committee made up of about 60 scientists and teachers, coordinated by the biochemist Rafael Radi, which has since taken the reins of the battle towards the virus.
The fulcrum for managing Covid-19 was the 2019 measles outbreak and the huge vaccination marketing campaign that minimize it off. “By activating now so shortly,” Radi recollects, “we had been capable of determine and fully cease the chain of transmission in every Covid-19 outbreak.”
The primary was in a marriage, the second in a nursing house after which there was one other in a hospital. They had been all nipped within the bud as a result of the contaminated might be remoted and the folks round him.
The position of the Pasteur institute in Montevideo, which acted in coordination with these in Paris and Shanghai, has additionally been decisive. It began the diagnostic checks and the monitoring protocols, earlier than the neighboring nations and did so with its personal strategies and know-how.
The applying Coronavirus UY, which many Uruguayans have downloaded to their cell, permits you to observe circumstances and obtain alerts from the federal government. Official communication via social networks is fixed. The federal government has maintained every day and fluid contact with a citizenry that has responded.