He 86.5% of “confined & rdquor; in 37 health zones in Madrid I know travels daily to “unconfined & rdquor;, which throws “certain doubts about the effectiveness of the measure for the containment “of the virus, since” a good part “of these residents develop their working hours in other parts of the urban area.
The majority of the population living in these areas work outside of them: of the 222,347 daily work trips originating in these areas, only 30,065 go to the confined area.
This is the main conclusion of a study carried out by researchers from the Polytechnic University of Madrid, based on data from the Household Mobility Survey 2018, to analyze the labor mobility of the population of these areas and the way in which these transfers occur.
On September 18, the Community of Madrid agreed to limit mobility in 37 Basic Health Zones of the Community (26 in the city of Madrid and 11 in other municipalities), coinciding with many of the lower-income areas of the Urban Area.
Workers supporting the system
The second conclusion of the study, as explained by a statement from the Polytechnic on Thursday, has to do with the economic and territorial imbalance in the Community of Madrid.
“We found that the population affected by Order 1178/2020 (which regulates restrictive measures) works in the main poles of economic development in the Community of Madrid, in the services of the higher-income areas or in essential activities related to infrastructures , equipment or industries “. Therefore, it is “a working population that supports a good part of the economic functioning of the region and works in areas generally far from their place of residence.”
Large users of public transport
The researchers also point out that in the areas affected by the restrictions, 45.33% of trips from home to work are made by public transport, while in the Community as a whole this percentage is 33.22%. Consequently, there is in these areas “a dependence on public transport that is significantly higher than the average for the whole of Madrid”.
The data show that, despite the limitation of personal mobility outside of working hours, “the population of the areas most affected by the pandemic will continue to work, daily, in the main sources of economic activity and concentration of people in the Urban Area , which will continue to travel largely through public transport “.
“The functional reality of an urban area like Madrid, especially socially and economically segregated, makes containment of the pandemic through partial restrictions is hardly feasible that do not affect labor mobility, especially when these have, as is the case, a high social cost by deepening the wounds of inequality and socio-spatial segregation “, the note adds.