dOn the night of April 21-22, 1961, four French generals opposed Algeria’s secession of the country, and together with the legion and paratroopers occupied Algiers and defeated General de Gaulle.
General Maurice Challe, Edmond Jouhaud, André Zeller and General Raoul Salan joined them from Spain on the 23rd. The battle was short, only five days, but failed.
History is indeed developing: on September 16, 1959, de Gaulle recognized the Algerian’s right to self-determination, and on January 8, 1961, the French passed a referendum with 75% of the vote, paving the way for Algerian independence. A country colonized by France.
For some executives of the French army who have been humiliated by the defeat in Indochina, this is an unbearable betrayal of power. General de Gaulle embodied this. He became the President of the Republic and on April 11th. Mentioned the “sovereign state” of Algeria.
The four coupists will not fight alone, and other generals of lower prestige will follow them, but the upper-level military system will not be completely transferred, nor will the conscripts.
On the evening of April 21-22, the 1st Parachute Regiment of Saint Mark’s Commander in Zeralda went to Algiers and took over the Summer Palace, where the general delegation, official office building, radio, telephone and telegram communicate with. The center of Algiers is full of baffles.
Government representative Jean Morin and Minister of Public Works Robert Buron and General Fernand Gambiez, commander-in-chief of the Algerian forces who tried to restore their CP, were arrested.
On the morning of the 22nd, AFP reporters in Algiers were stopped at dawn. AFP announced the state of siege. Then, according to a news report from Algiers Radio, “The army seized power in Algeria, the Sahara Desert.” .
The IAEA relayed a statement from the Department of Public Information: “This morning, the discipline of certain leaders and certain forces prevented Algiers from exercising its command to deploy civil and military forces. The rest of Algeria remained calm. The government remained calm. The necessary measures have been taken tonight and will be published later today.”
General Schaller issued an appeal in Algiers: “The army has ensured the control of the territory of Saharo-Algeria. The operation is carried out according to the plan. Continue our pledge: continue Algeria.”
General Zeller declared the siege “within the limits of 13 French departments in Africa”, and General Pierre Marie Biget, who commanded the fifth district, placed himself under the command of General Schaller . In the afternoon, Radio Algiers announced that Oran was in the hands of the rebels.
In Paris, an exceptional Council of Ministers declared a state of emergency.
But the first defectors have appeared in Algeria. In Mers-el-Kébir, the Navy refused to comply with the sedition law. The military commanders of Orania and Constantine, Puiri and General Gulo, rejected the mutineers’ ultimatum. Gouraud will finally meet the next day.
At 8:00 pm on April 23, Charles de Gaulle (Charles de Gaulle) in uniform publicized his condemnation of the “pronunciamiento” in the air and mocked the “Retired General District”, “a group of guerrillas, ambitious, A fanatical officer”. He said: “I forbid any French, first of all, any soldier, to execute any of their orders.” The coup stemmed from people’s “responsibility, honor, existence, reason for service and obedience.”
He announced the implementation of Article 16 of the Constitution, giving him full powers.