¡Al Aqsa, Palestine! “. The visit of Ariel Sharon on September 28, 2000 at the Esplanade of the Mosques in Jerusalem lit the wick of the second Palestinian intifada. “Any Jew can visit the Temple mount [nombre según la tradición judía] just as any Arab can visit any place in the country, “defended the Israeli Likud leader by the images in which he appeared surrounded by dozens of armed bodyguards in the third holiest place in Islam. Twenty years later, Palestinians remember the opposition leader’s provocation as the beginning of the end. The regrets for the more than 3,000 martyrs lost during the uprising that lasted a mirror do not find their echo in a alien arab world to the suffering of the Palestinians. On the 20th anniversary of the last Palestinian revolution, only Israel, which left a thousand victims in the conflict, receives support and applause.
The day after the controversial incursion of the leader of the Israeli opposition, the Palestinians looked out with their stones at the Wailing wall to attack the Jews who prayed in their most sacred space. The police shots took the first seven Palestinian victims. The Al-Aqsa intifada, the mosque from which Muhammad ascended to heaven, followed the failure of the Camp David peace summit, mediated by Bill Clinton in July 2000. Talks between Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian Authority Representative Yasser Arafat bogged down over the big issues of borders, Palestinian refugees, Jewish settlers and the future of Jerusalem .
It was precisely the Holy city for the three monotheistic religions the scene of the fed up of the Palestinian people. After a first intifada between 1987 and 1993 known as the “revolt of the stones“The popular rocks that the Palestinians wielded against the Israeli tanks became too small. Therefore, they decided to put the Body and his life in the fight. More of 130 suicide bombings they attacked the civilian population of Israel, until now oblivious to the violence. “It was the restaurants, bars, buses and road crossings in the heart of the country that constituted the main front of that war,” recalls the analyst Herb Keinon en ‘The Jerusalem Post’.
Far from being equal, violence settled on both sides and provoked 4,700 fatalities, 80% of them Palestinian. Amid fear and destruction – 4,100 Palestinian homes were demolished – Israel veered to the right: Ariel Sharon was chosen Prime Minister in February 2001. Just a year later, in March 2002, he launched the largest Israeli offensive in the West Bank since 1967 causing damage to the offices of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Their leader, Yaser Arafat, began his confinement in two rooms without electricity.
This time David couldn’t defeat Goliath. The Israeli forces, who suffered the third highest number of casualties in their history, they crushed the Palestinian intifada. As a deterrent to suicide bombings, the Sharon government built the wall that physically divides both territories and West Bank reoccupation Almost entirely. Following a joint statement with Arafat’s successor, Mahmoud Abbas, in February 2005, the Israeli Prime Minister declared the withdrawal of troops and settlers from Gaza in September.
But the consequences of the failed revolution did not end then. “To understand Israel today, to understand its political shift to the right, why it has voted again and again for NetanyahuKeinon explains, “to understand his total lack of trust in the Palestinians, their indifference to the lack of a diplomatic process with the Palestinians, you have to understand the tension and pressure under which everyone in Israel worked during the four years and five months that intifada lasted. “To this day, the population of Israel fully inhabits alien to the hardships suffered 30 kilometers from its coast.
The Israel’s normalization pacts with Arab countries like Bahrain The United Arab Emirates They are the confirmation of the forgetfulness of the Palestinian cause. As the increasingly right-wing Israel emerges as the winner on the world stage, the territories of Gaza, ruled by Hamas, and West bank, for Fatah, have since experienced a maddening separation. Over the past several years, the Strip has suffered violent episodes by Israel ignored by a silent and complicit West Bank. But in Palestine there must always be room for esperanza. The recent agreement between both factions to call the first elections since 2006 in six months’ time installs a certain spirit in the eyes of a people 100 times defeated.